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Pinus sylvestris, Scots pine (UK), Scotch pine (US), European red pine, or Baltic pine is a species of tree in the pine family Pinaceae that is native to Eurasia, ranging from Western Europe to Eastern Siberia, south to the Caucasus Mountains and Anatolia, and north to well inside the Arctic Circle in Fennoscandia.


Red Deal is the timber that all softwoods are compared to. Most pine kitchens and furniture are made from this very popular and durable timber. it is an extremely versatile timber.

Adanack supply a large range of pre-finished Red Deal skirting, architrave, sheeting and crown moulding. 


General Description

The wide geographical range of the species provide varying strength, texture, densities, number and size of knots. When dry, the heartwood colour is pale reddish brown and resinous. The annual rings clearly marked by contrasting light earlywood and darker latewood zones.


The best grades are used for furniture, joinery and turnery, vehicle bodies, and generally for building construction, carcassing, railway sleepers etc.


Seasons very rapidly and well, but with a tendency to blue SAP stain. It should be anti-stain dipped or kilned immediately after conversion. There is medium movement in service.

Working Properties

The timber works easy and well with both hand and machine tools can be stained painted varnished or polished satisfactorily. For its weight, the timber is strong and moderately hard. Redwood machines well, allowing a nice smooth finish.


Non-durable, susceptible to insect attack. The heartwood is moderately resistant to preservative treatment, but the sapwood is permeable.


Medium density, the grain is interlocked and sometimes irregular and the texture rather course, but even. The weight is 510kg/m³ (21lb/ft³) and it has a relative density of .51.

Mechanical Properties

The species has low stiffness and resistance to shock loads, and medium crushing strength with medium bending strength. It is harder on the side grain, tougher and more difficult to split. It has very poor steam bending classification.

Coating/Non Coating

Red deal can outlast a lot of hardwoods when treated with preservatives, but it develops black streaks if untreated and allowed to stay wet.

Fixings & Fasteners

Nailing and screwing properties are good but pre boring is necessary. If this timber is used externally we recommend stainless steel or coated fixings. As always Adanack will advise you further if need be.

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